Category Archives: MEDICOS AND PHARMA


Key factsWorldwide, 3.3 million deaths every year result from harmful use of alcohol, this represent 5.9 % of all deaths.The harmful use of alcohol is a causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions.Overall 5.1 % of the global burden of disease and injury is attributable to alcohol, as measured in disability- adjusted life years (DALYs).(3)Alcohol consumption causes death and disability relatively early in life. In the age group 20 – 39 years approximately 25 % of the total deaths are alcohol-attributable.There is a causal relationship between harmful use of alcohol and a range of mental and behavioural disorders, other noncommunicable conditions as well as injuries.The latest causal relationships have been established between harmful drinking and incidence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis as well as the course of HIV/AIDS.Beyond health consequences, the harmful use of alcohol brings significant social and economic losses to individuals and society at large.Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with dependence-producing properties that has been widely used in many cultures for centuries. The harmful use of alcohol causes a large disease, social and economic burden in societies.The harmful use of alcohol can also result in harm to other people, such as family members, friends, co-workers and strangers. Moreover, the harmful use of alcohol results in a significant health, social and economic burden on society at large.Alcohol consumption is a causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions. Drinking alcohol is associated with a risk of developing health problems such as mental and behavioural disorders, including alcohol dependence, major noncommunicable diseases such as liver cirrhosis, some cancers and cardiovascular diseases, as well as injuries resulting from violence and road clashes and collisions.A significant proportion of the disease burden attributable to alcohol consumption arises from unintentional and intentional injuries, including those due to road traffic crashes, violence, and suicides, and fatal alcohol-related injuries tend to occur in relatively younger age groups.The latest causal relationships are those between harmful drinking and incidence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis as well as the course of HIV/AIDS. Alcohol consumption by an expectant mother may cause fetal alcohol syndrome and pre-term birth complications.

Source: Alcohol

The epidemic nobody saw: The opioid crisis in America | Addiction Blog

After my recent experience with having these things prescribed

  1. against my wishes 2)  in massive quantities 3) with no warning at all of consequences – I am not one bit surprised. Thank God, My encounter was mercifully brief.


By Dr. Louise Stanger, Ed.D, LCSW CIPA Tidal Wave Of LossLike a tidal wave that comes crushing to shore over the past year, the President, States, national news media, and families who have lost loved ones have cried out in crushing alarm about the tragedies of opioid addiction and overdose. With Prince’s untimely death, the tide has turned and there is not a news media outlet that does not feature this over sweeping dilemma.We invite you to continue reading to learn more. Then, join us for some Q&A in the designated section at the bottom of the page. We welcome your questions and try to provide personal and prompt response.The History Of Opioids In The WorldOpioids have played a unique role in society. They are widely feared compounds, which are associated with abuse, addiction and the dire consequences of diversion; they are also essential medications, the most effective drugs for the relief of pain and suffering (Portenoy et al, 2004). Historically, concerns about addiction have apparently contributed to the under treatment of disorders widely considered to be appropriate for opioid therapy, including cancer pain, pain at the end-of-life, and acute pain (Field and Cassel, 1997; Schnoll & Weaver, 2003; Portenoy & Lesage, 1999; Breitbart et al. 1998; Smith et al., 2008)The Sumerians in Mesopotamia were among the first people identified to have cultivated the poppy plant around 3400 BC. They named it Hul Gil, the “joy plant” (Booth, 1986). It eventually spread throughout the ancient world to every major civilization in Europe and Asia and was used to treat pain and many other ailments (Schiff, 2002; Askitopoulou, Ramoutsaki, & Konsolaki, 2002; Booth, 1986; Dikotter, Laaman, & Xun, 2004)Developments in the 19th century transformed the practice of medicine and initiated the tension between the desire to make available the medicinal benefits of these drugs and recognition that the development of abuse and addiction can lead to devastating consequences for individuals and for society at large (Booth, 1986; Musto, 1999):

Source: The epidemic nobody saw: The opioid crisis in America | Addiction Blog